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On Pythagoreanism (Studia Praesocratica)

Recent scholarship has proven that no unmarried method bargains a passable total interpretation of Pythagoreanism. The convention "On Pythagoreanism," held in Brazil in 2011, introduced jointly major students within the box to handle this factor. The articles accumulated during this quantity illustrate the richness and variety of Pythagoreanism and supply a special multidisciplinary photo of the kingdom of Pythagorean experiences today.

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4,477. 1, 487. 2.  Aristot. fr. 2 hundred Rose τὸ οὖν δεξιὸν καὶ ἄνω καὶ ἔμπροσθεν ἀγαθὸν ἐκάλουν (sc. οἱ Πυθαγόρειοι), τὸ δὲ ἀριστερὸν καὶ κάτω καὶ ὄπισθεν κακὸν ἔλεγον.  Iamblich. vice chairman a hundred and fifty five κυπαρισσίνην δὲ μὴ δεῖν κατασκευάζεσθαι σορὸν ὑπαγορεύει διὰ τὸ κυπαρίσσινον γεγονέναι τὸ τοῦ Διὸς σκῆπτρον ἢ δι᾽ ἄλλον τινὰ μυστικὸν λόγον. Diogenes Laertius informs us that the 1st rationalization comes from Hermippus (fr. 23 Wehrli).  Lam. Pher. (OF 493) σύμβολα‧ Ἀν〈δ〉ρικεπαιδόθυρσον. Ἀνδρικεπαιδόθυρσον. Βριμώ. Βριμώ. εἴσιθ〈ι〉 ἱερὸν λειμῶνα. ἄποινος γὰρ ὁ μύστης, cf. Lam. Entell. (OF 475).  Procl. in R. II 33. 14 Kroll (OF 797) οἱ δὲ Πυθαγόρειοι προσίενται, ὡς καὶ Ὀρφεύς, καὶ τὰ ἑπτάμηνα, καὶ φασὶν ἐν μὲν λεʹ ἡμέραις τὸ καταβληθὲν σπέρμα τύπον καὶ μορφὴν λαμβάνειν ἐπὶ 〈τῶ〉ν ἑ… Orphics and Pythagoreans: the Greek viewpoint 143 four. 10 The Neoplatonic reconstruction The Neoplatonists thought of that Plato shared many doctrins with Orpheus and Pythagoras. To be unique, Syrianus is credited with a piece in ten books entitled at the contract among Orpheus, Pythagoras and Plato. ¹²⁸ The Neoplatonic circle even “makes up”¹²⁹ the tale of the way the Orphics transmitted their wisdom to Pythagoras after which to Plato. therefore, after claiming that the Pythagorean theology of quantity comes from Orpheus Iamblichus asserts:¹³⁰ neither is it to be doubted that once Pythagoras composed his treatise about the Gods, he bought the aid of Orpheus, for that reason it's named ‘sacred’ … For he says ‘Pythagoras, the son of Mnesarchus was once urged in what relates to the gods whilst he celebrated orgies within the Thracian Libethra, being therein initiated through Aglaophamus; and that Orpheus, the son of Calliope, having discovered knowledge … from his mother’, declared… Proclus completes the account:¹³¹ All Greek theology is an offspring of the Orphic mysteries; first Pythagoras was once taught the divine mysteries via Aglaophamus, after which Plato received ideal wisdom of them from the Pythagorean and Orphic texts. In a few severe situations, Pythagoras seems to be a second-in-command of Orpheus, and a few authors ascribe to him the legendary talents of the Thracian:  Cf. Suda s. v. Syrianos IV 478. 25 Adler (= OF 677 III); s. v. Proklos IV 210. eight Adler (= OF 677 IX).  Cf. Brisson 2000, 239 f.  Iamblich. vice president 146 (OF 507) οὐκέτι δὴ οὖν ἀμφίβολον γέγονε τὸ τὰς ἀφορμὰς παρὰ Ὀρφέως λαβόντα Πυθαγόραν συντάξαι τὸν περὶ θεῶν λόγον, ὃν καὶ ἱερὸν διὰ τοῦτο ἐπέγραψεν, … λέγει γάρ· λόγος ὅδε περὶ θεῶν Πυθαγόρα τῶ Μνημάρχω, τὸν ἐξέμαθον ὀργιασθεὶς ἐν Λιβήθροις τοῖς Θρᾳκίοις, Ἀγλαοφάμω τελεστᾶ μεταδόντος, ὡς ἄρα Ὀρφεὺς ὁ Καλλιόπας … ὑπὸ τᾶς ματρὸς πινυσθεὶς ἔφα κτλ.  Procl. Theol. Pl. I five (I 25, 26 Saffrey-Westerink) ἅπασα γὰρ ἡ παρ᾽ Ἕλλησι θεολογία τῆς Ὀρφικῆς ἐστὶ μυσταγωγίας ἔκγονος, πρώτου μὲν Πυθαγόρου παρὰ Ἀγλαοφήμου τὰ περὶ θεῶν ὄργια διδαχθέντος, δευτέρου δὲ Πλάτωνος ὑποδεξαμένου τὴν παντελῆ περὶ τούτων ἐπιστήμην ἔκ τε τῶν Πυθαγορείων καὶ τῶν Ὀρφικῶν γραμμάτων, cf. Procl. in Pl. Tim. III 168. nine Diehl (Iamblich. in Pl. Tim. fr. seventy four Dillon), III 161.

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