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Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato's Phaedo (Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Texts and Contexts: Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition, Volume 12)

By Sebastian Ramon, Philipp Gertz

The assumption within the immortality of the soul has been defined as one of many dual pillars of Platonism and is famously defended via Socrates in Platos Phaedo. the traditional commentaries at the discussion by way of Olympiodorus and Damascius supply a distinct viewpoint at the reception of this trust within the Platonic tradition.

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And Westerink’s reviews advert loc. For the denial of reminiscence in mind, see Dam. I. . –. fifty three Dam. I. . ; . –; . –; . –; . –; . –; . –; Dam. II. . –; . –. –; . –; . –. fifty four See Photius Bibl. cod. . b. ff. Henry for Damascius’ schooling. Westerink (), , writes: ‘Si, néanmoins, on réussit à découvrir dans les observations de Damascius une portée générale, c’est dans le sens inattendu d’une interprétation plus pragmatique. Damascius a l. a. réputation d’un mystique, voire d’un bigot; or, ce qui frappe dans ses commentaires, c’est l’intérêt qu’il prend au plan littéraire et à los angeles scenario concrète du dialogue’. Cf. additionally Van Riel, Macé and Follon (), CLXXIII–CLXXVI, for the same end with admire to Damascius’ Philebus interpretation. fifty two  creation separated himself from the area of iteration as an middleman among the 2. curiously, Dam. I.  concludes with a twist: whereas philosophy and theurgy are importantly comparable and will be united right into a unmarried fact, Plato honours the thinker with the identify ‘Bacchus’, simply as he calls nous ‘God’ or mild that may be spoken approximately ‘ineffable light’. Damascius’ choice, as a result, turns out to lie with the language of the theurgists, possibly out of a feeling of philosophical piety. This common choice for ‘hieratic’ terminology, and the conviction that philosophy might be defined completely in theurgic phrases may match a way in the direction of explaining Damascius’ scrupulousness with reference to theological issues, even though it is infrequently extraordinary to himself. . studying the Phaedo: The Centrality of the Σκοπ ς I finish this advent with a survey of a few concerns surrounding the ‘interpretative aim’ or σκοπ ς of Plato’s Phaedo. The prefatory fabric to either Olympiodorus’ and Damascius’ Commentaries at the Phaedo, which might have mentioned the dialogue’s aim in a few element, is irretrievably misplaced. Our major proof will consequently need to come, to start with, from a approximately modern resource, the nameless Prolegomena to Platonic Philosophy, and, secondly, from the commentaries themselves. . . discovering the Σκοπ ς Plato’s Phaedo used to be widely recognized and known as ‘On the soul’ in antiquity. fifty five using double titles—the first drawn from both the identify of a number one personality or the social gathering of the dialogue or its guiding subject matter (e. g. Sophist, Statesman, Republic), the second one from its real or purported topic matter—goes again at the least to Thrasyllus, who put the Phaedo on the head of a tetralogy comprising Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Phaedo. fifty six Thrasyllus’ canon and his tetralogies have been recognized to the writer of the nameless Prolegomena, who most likely belongs to the circle of th century advert Alexandrian Neoplatonists often called ‘the college of Olympiodorus’. fifty seven The nameless writer explicitly rejects the tetralogical fifty five Cf. e. g. Plato Epist. XIII. a; Callimachus Ep. . ; Diogenes Laertius Vit. Phil. . . ; . . ; . . ; Plutarch cons. advert Apoll. d; De an.

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