Featured books

What Is Addiction?

Identical to the addict in pop culture combines victimhood and ethical failure; we sympathize with addicts in motion pictures and novels due to their agony and their hard-won wisdom. And but real medical wisdom approximately habit has a tendency to undermine this cultural build. In what's Addiction?, top dependancy researchers from neuroscience, psychology, genetics, philosophy, economics, and different fields survey the newest findings in dependancy technological know-how. They talk about such questions as no matter if habit is one form of , or a number of; if dependancy is neurophysiological, mental, or social, or contains features of all of those; to what volume addicts are chargeable for their difficulties, and the way this impacts well-being and regulatory rules; and even if habit relies on inheritance or setting or either. The bankruptcy authors talk about the potential of a unifying foundation for various addictions (considering either substance habit and pathological gambling), supplying either neurally and neuroscientifically grounded bills in addition to discussions of the social context of dependancy. There might be no definitive solution but to the query posed through the name of this publication; yet those essays show a sweeping strengthen over the simplistic belief embedded in well known culture.

Contributors: George Ainslie, Jennifer D. Bellegarde, Warren okay. Bickel, Jennifer Bramen, Karen O. Brandon, Arthur Brody, Peter Collins, Jack Darkes, Mark S. Goldman, Gene M. Heyman, Harold Kincaid, Edythe D. London, James MacKillop, Traci guy, Neil Manson, John E. McGeary, John R. Monterosso, Ben Murrell, Nancy M. Petry, Marc N. Potenza, Howard Rachlin, Lara A. Ray, A. David Redish, Richard R. Reich, Don Ross, Timothy Schroeder, David Spurrett, Jackie Sullivan, Golnaz Tabibni, Andrew Ward, Richard Yi

Product Details
Paperback: 464 pages
Publisher: A Bradford e-book (February five, 2010)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0262513110
ISBN-13: 978-0262513111
Product Dimensions: 7 x 0.8 x nine inches

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Corrosion: Understanding the Basics (06691G)

Provides functional discussions on thermodynamic and electrochemical ideas of corrosion, attractiveness and prevention of assorted kinds of corrosion, sorts of corrosive environments typically encountered. DLC: Corrosion and anti-corrosives.

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The Protos Mandate: A Scientific Novel (Science and Fiction)

By Nick Kanas

In the 25th Century, the results of overpopulation and international warming on the earth have ended in the formation of human colonies at the Moon, Mars and somewhere else within the sun method, but the restricted variety of achievable locations forces humanity to appear to the celebs. A crash software has been constructed to ship Protos 1, an immense multigenerational big name send, to a newly found Earth-like planet orbiting a close-by famous person. The plan is for wide awake crewmembers to run the send and for individuals in suspended animation to be roused prior to planet fall to take advantage of their abilities in exploration and colony formation. to meet the targets of the project and make sure that the in-flight inhabitants doesn't burn up the constrained assets, the Protos Mandate is determined as much as govern a tightly managed social procedure at some stage in the adventure, to be able to take a number of generations. yet difficulties threaten to sabotage the project in the course of its release and transit and what ultimately awaits the crewmembers shocks them in an unpredictable method. This novel chronicles the rigors and tribulations of this epic first interstellar mission.

The medical appendix on the finish of the e-book discusses the demanding situations of such an interstellar venture in accordance with an intensive literature overview and it hyperlinks those demanding situations to precise episodes within the novel. concerns which are thought of contain interstellar propulsion structures, monetary issues of interstellar flight, mental and sociological components inherent in a multigenerational house venture, issues of suspended animation, present wisdom of exoplanets and matters relating to colonizing a far off planet and the potential discovery of extraterrestrial existence. A heritage of interstellar missions in technology fiction can be reviewed.

Nick Kanas is an Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry on the collage of California, San Francisco, the place he directed the gang remedy education application. For over twenty years he carried out learn in staff treatment and for almost twenty years after that he used to be the critical Investigator of NASA-funded examine on astronauts and cosmonauts. he's the co-author of house Psychology and Psychiatry, which received the 2004 overseas Academy of Astronautics lifestyles technology ebook Award.

Dr. Kanas has provided talks on house psychology and on celestial mapping at a number of local and international Con technological know-how fiction conventions. He has been an novice astronomer for over 50 years and is an avid reader of technological know-how fiction. he's additionally the writer of Star Maps: background, Artistry and Cartography, Solar approach Maps: From Antiquity to the distance Age, and the technological know-how fiction novel The New Martians, all released by way of Springer.

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The Asteroid Threat: Defending Our Planet from Deadly Near-Earth Objects

By William E. Burrows

Presents a practical, viable plan for defusing a probably deadly possibility from a rogue asteroid or comet.

The explosion of a giant meteor over Chelyabinsk, Siberia, in February 2013 is simply the most recent reminder that planet Earth is at risk of harmful and possibly catastrophic collisions with area particles of assorted forms. during this informative and forward-looking publication, veteran aerospace author William E. Burrows explains what we will do sooner or later to prevent way more critical affects from "Near-Earth items" (NEOs), as they're referred to as within the planetary protection neighborhood. The excellent news is that humanity is now built with the complex expertise essential to devise a long term technique to shield the planet. Burrows outlines the next key positive aspects of an efficient planetary safety strategy:

* a strong area surveillance process able to recognizing a significant possibility from house no less than twenty-five years in advance

* an area craft "nudge" that will throw a collision-course asteroid astray lengthy earlier than it poses the specter of coming near near impact

* A guns process for use as a last-ditch way to blast an NEO should still all else fail.

The writer notes the numerous advantages for international balance and extending overseas cooperation because of a united world wide attempt to guard the planet.

Combining realism with an confident can-do angle, Burrows exhibits that humanity is in a position to overcoming a very likely calamitous state of affairs.

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Human-built World: How to Think About Technology and Culture

By Thomas P Hughes

To most folks, expertise has been lowered to pcs, buyer items, and armed forces guns; we communicate of "technological progress" by way of RAM and CD-ROMs and the flatness of our tv displays. In Human-Built global, fortunately, Thomas Hughes restores to know-how the conceptual richness and intensity it merits by way of chronicling the guidelines approximately know-how expressed via influential Western thinkers who not just understood its multifaceted personality yet who additionally explored its artistic capability. Hughes attracts on an important diversity of literature, artwork, and structure to discover what know-how has delivered to society and tradition, and to provide an explanation for how we would start to boost an "ecotechnology" that works with, no longer opposed to, ecological structures. From the "Creator" version of improvement of the 16th century to the "big science" of the Forties and Fifties to the structure of Frank Gehry, Hughes nimbly charts the myriad ways in which know-how has been woven into the social and cultural cloth of alternative eras and the guarantees and difficulties it has provided. Thomas Jefferson, for example, expectantly was hoping that know-how may be mixed with nature to create an Edenic setting; Lewis Mumford, centuries later, warned of the expanding mechanization of yankee lifestyles. Such divergent perspectives, Hughes indicates, have existed aspect via facet, demonstrating the elemental concept that "in its sort, know-how is filled with contradictions, encumbered with human folly, stored by way of occasional benign deeds, and wealthy with accidental consequences." In Human-Built international, he deals the hugely attractive historical past of those contradictions, follies, and results, a heritage that resurrects expertise, rightfully, as greater than gadgetry; it really is actually at the least an embodiment of human values.

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Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics: Guidelines for Future UV Observatories

Modern astrophysics has advanced early levels of discovery and type to a physics-oriented quest for solutions to basic difficulties from cosmology to the starting place and variety of life-sustainable structures within the Universe. destiny development in smooth astrophysics calls for entry to the electromagnetic spectrum within the broadest power variety. This publication describes the elemental difficulties in smooth astrophysics that can't development with no effortless and popular entry to trendy UV instrumentation.

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Tales From The Underground: A Natural History Of Subterranean Life

There are over one thousand million organisms in a pinch of soil, but we all know even more approximately deep house than in regards to the universe under. In stories from the Underground, Cornell ecologist David Wolfe takes us on a journey via present medical wisdom of the subterranean international. We stick to the development of discovery from Charles Darwin's experiments with earthworms, to Lewis and Clark's first come upon with prairie canines, to using new genetic instruments which are revealing an astonishingly wealthy atmosphere underneath our toes. Wolfe plunges us deep into the earth's rocky crust, the place lifestyles can have begun-a international with out oxygen and lightweight yet secure from asteroid bombardment. Primitive microbes came upon there are turning our idea of the evolutionary tree of lifestyles on its head: amazingly, they signify maybe a whole 3rd of earth's genetic variety. As Wolfe explains, creatures of the soil can paintings for us, via delivering vital prescribed drugs and recycling the basic components of existence, or opposed to us, by means of spreading sickness and contributing to international weather switch. the way forward for our species may possibly rely on how we deal with our dwelling soil assets. stories from the Underground will perpetually adjust our appreciation of the flora and fauna around-and beneath-us.

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The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society

"An very important and well timed message concerning the organic roots of human kindness."
—Desmond Morris, writer of The bare Ape

Are we our brothers' keepers? will we have an intuition for compassion? Or are we, as is frequently assumed, in basic terms in the world to serve our personal survival and pursuits? during this thought-provoking booklet, the acclaimed writer of Our internal Ape examines how empathy comes evidently to a very good number of animals, together with people.

By learning social behaviors in animals, comparable to bonding, the herd intuition, the forming of trusting alliances, expressions of comfort, and clash answer, Frans de Waal demonstrates that animals–and humans–are "preprogrammed to arrive out." He has came upon that chimpanzees take care of associates which are wounded by means of leopards, elephants supply "reassuring rumbles" to young ones in misery, and dolphins help unwell partners close to the water's floor to avoid them from drowning. From day one people have innate sensitivities to faces, our bodies, and voices; we now have been designed to think for one another.

De Waal's thought runs counter to the idea that people are inherently egocentric, that are visible within the fields of politics, legislations, and finance, and whichseems to be evidenced through the present greed-driven inventory marketplace cave in. yet he cites the public's outrage on the U.S. government's loss of empathy within the wake of storm Katrina as an important shift in perspective–one that helped Barack Obama develop into elected and ushered in what may possibly develop into an Age of Empathy. via a greater knowing of empathy's survival price in evolution, de Waal indicates, we will interact towards a extra simply society according to a extra beneficiant and actual view of human nature.

Written in layman's prose with a wealth of anecdotes, wry humor, and incisive intelligence, The Age of Empathy is key studying for our embattled times.

From the Hardcover edition.

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The Making of Modern Science: Science, Technology, Medicine and Modernity: 1789 - 1914

Of the entire innovations of the 19th century, the scientist is among the such a lot remarkable. In progressive France the technology pupil, taught via males energetic in study, used to be born; and a new release later, the graduate scholar doing a PhD emerged in Germany. In 1833 the notice ‘scientist’ was once coined; 40 years later technology (increasingly specialized) used to be a turning into a occupation. males of technological know-how rivalled clerics and critics as sages; they have been honoured as nationwide treasures, and buried in nation funerals. Their new principles invigorated the lifetime of the brain. Peripatetic congresses, nice exhibitions, museums, technical faculties and laboratories blossomed; and new industries according to chemistry and electrical energy introduced prosperity and tool, fiscal and armed forces. Eighteenth-century steam engines preceded realizing of the physics underlying them; yet electrical telegraphs and cars have been utilized technological know-how, established upon painstaking interpretation of nature. the guidelines, discoveries and innovations of scientists remodeled the realm: lives have been longer and more fit, towns and empires grew, societies grew to become city instead of agrarian, the neighborhood turned international. And via the hole years of the 20 th century, technology was once spreading past Europe and North the USA, and ladies have been commencing to be noticeable within the ranks of scientists.

Bringing jointly the folks, occasions, and discoveries of this fascinating interval right into a energetic narrative, this ebook can be crucial interpreting either for college kids of the heritage of technological know-how and for somebody attracted to the rules of the area as we all know it at the present time.

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The End of Plenty: The Race to Feed a Crowded World

By Joel K. Bourne Jr

An award-winning environmental journalist introduces a brand new new release of farmers and scientists at the frontlines of the subsequent eco-friendly revolution.

When the demographer Robert Malthus (1766–1834) famously defined the brutal courting among foodstuff and inhabitants, he by no means imagined the good fortune of recent clinical agriculture. within the mid-twentieth century, an exceptional agricultural development often called the golf green Revolution introduced hybrid seeds, chemical fertilizers, and stronger irrigation that drove the best inhabitants increase in history―but left ecological devastation in its wake.

In The finish of Plenty, award-winning environmental journalist Joel okay. Bourne Jr. places our race to feed the realm in dramatic standpoint. With a skyrocketing global inhabitants and tightening worldwide grain provides spurring riots and revolutions, humanity needs to produce as a lot meals within the subsequent 4 a long time because it has because the starting of civilization to prevent a Malthusian disaster. but weather switch may perhaps render part our farmland dead by way of century’s end.

Writing with an agronomist’s eye for functional strategies and a journalist’s prepared feel of personality, aspect, and the wildlife, Bourne takes readers from his family members farm to overseas agricultural hotspots to introduce the recent new release of farmers and scientists engaged within the maximum problem humanity has ever confronted. He discovers younger, company cowboys attempting to revive Ukraine as Europe’s breadbasket, a Canadian aquaculturist channeling historic chinese language traditions, the visionary at the back of the world’s biggest natural sugar-cane plantation, and lots of different outstanding participants suffering to extend nutrition supplies―quickly and sustainably―as droughts, floods, and warmth waves hammer plants round the globe.

Part heritage, half reportage and advocacy, The finish of Plenty is a wide ranging account of the way forward for meals, and a clarion demand a person thinking about our planet and its people.

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